English translation of Maktubat Imam Rabbani (selective 100) | Mujaddid Alf sani | Sheikh Ahmad sirhindi
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This letter, written to the Naqib Sayyid Shaikh Farid, explains that all Prophets "alaihimussalam" taught the same iman:
May Allahu ta'ala protect us and you against bifurcating from your exalted fathers' "rahmatullahi 'alaihim ajmain' way! Salam to the highest of your fathers and to all the others!
Allahu ta'ala has guided men to the way of eternal salvation through Prophets "alaihimu 's-salam", and has thereby saved them from endless torment. Had it not been for these beings, Prophets "alaihimu 's-salam", Allahu ta'ala would not have intimated His person or attributes to anybody. Nobody would have known of Allahu ta'ala; nobody could have found a way to Him. The commands and prohibitions of Allahu ta'ala would not have been known. Allahu ta'ala is Ghani. That is, He does not need anything. Pitying men, He has done them a favor by sending them commands and prohibitions. The benefits of the commands and prohibitions are for men. They do not render any advantage to Allahu ta'ala. Allahu ta'ala does not need them. Had it not been for Prophets, what Allahu ta'ala likes and what He dislikes could not have been known or distinguished from each other. Then, the sending of Prophets "alaihimu 's-salam" is a great blessing. Whose tongue could express thanks for this blessing? Who could show this gratitude? We thank our Allah, who has sent us every blessing, who has allowed us to learn the Islamic faith, and who has blessed us with the fortune of believing in Prophets "alaihimussalatu wassalam".
The essentials, the fundamentals of the religions of all Prophets are the same; they are not different; they all said the same thing. What they said about Allah's person and attributes, about Hashr [assembling at the square of Arasat after rising from the graves], about Nashr [dispersing and leaving for Paradise or Hell after the settling of accounts], about Prophets, about the sending of an angel, about the revelation of books through an angel, about the infinite blessings in Paradise and the endless torment in Hell are all the same. Their words agree with each other. But their teachings about the halal and the haram and worships, that is, their teachings pertaining to the furu'at (practices), are different; they do not agree with each other.
In one age, Allahu ta'ala revealed the commandments suitable for the times and states of the people of that age to a Prophet who was ulul'azm (distinguished as the highest), and commanded the people to obey him. For many reasons and benefits, Allahu ta'ala made changes in the rules of the Shariat. Many a time, He sent the same Prophet possessing the same Shariat different commandments for different times. That is, He abolished or changed His former commandments some time later.
One of the never-changing principles which all Prophets stated unanimously is not to worship anything other than Allahu ta'ala, not to attribute a partner to Allahu ta'ala, not to idolize creatures for others to worship. Only Prophets stated this fact. No one was honored with this fortune except those who followed them. No one except Prophets stated this fact. A group of those who disbelieved Prophets said that Allahu ta'ala is one; yet they either said so by hearing it from Muslims or meant that the one with indispensable existence is one. They did not say that only He is to be worshipped. However, Muslims say that He is the only One who is both indispensable and deserves being worshipped. "La ila-ha il-l- Allah" means that there is no deity besides Allahu ta'ala who is to be worshipped. He, alone, is to be worshipped.
The second fact which these great people stated unanimously is that they know themselves as human beings like everybody, and that only Allahu ta'ala is to be worshipped. They invited everybody to worshipping Him only. They stated that Allahu ta'ala has not united with anything, that He has not settled in any substance. But those who disbelieved the Prophets did not say so; especially their chiefs tried to have themselves worshipped, and said, "Allahu ta'ala has entered us. He is in us." Thus, they were not ashamed to say that they were to be worshipped, that they were gods. Exempting themselves from their duties as slaves of Allahu ta'ala, they committed all sorts of heinous and evil deeds. By assuming the status of a god, they thought that they could be irresponsible, that they could trespass upon anything, that they could not be prohibited from anything. Assuming that all their words were true, that they would never go wrong, that they could do anything they wanted, they went wrong, misleading others, too. May such base people be accursed. And shame upon those idiots who believed them!
Another fact which Prophets "alaihimussalam" stated unanimously is that an angel was sent to them. None of those who denied the Prophets was blessed with this high luck. Angels are certainly innocent. That is, certainly they do their duties correctly. They are never wrong, evil, or dirty. They convey the Wahy without changing or forgetting it. They carry Allah's word.
So, every word that the Prophets "alaihimussalawatu wattaslimat" uttered is from Allahu ta'ala. Every commandment or information which they brought is from Allahu ta'ala. Also, every word which they said by ijtihad was confirmed by way of Wahy. When they made an insignificant mistake in their ijtihad, Allahu ta'ala sent Wahy immediately and corrected them. On the other hand, every word of those disbelievers who denied Prophets and imposed themselves as gods and had people worship them by saying, "We have created, rescued you," were from themselves. They presumed their words to be true. Now, let us be reasonable! If a stupid, ignorant person thinks of himself as a god, commands others to worship him, and does every kind of evil, harmful deed, is he to be believed? Is he to be followed?
Translation of a Persian line:
It is known by the Spring how much fruit the year will yield.
We have explained the matter in detail in order that it will be understood clearly. It might as well go without saying that right is different from wrong, and that light is different from dark. As a matter of fact, Allahu ta'ala declares in the eighty-first ayat of the Surat-u-Isra: "When truth comes, falsehood runs away. Falsehood always goes." O our Allah; keep us in the way of those great people! Amin.
You know Sayyid Mayan Pir Kamal well. It would be needless for us to write anything in this respect. Yet it could not go without saying that for some time I have been enjoying his company. He was desirous to kiss the threshold of your door. But lately he has become ill and bed-ridden. After recovering he will be honored with your service and presence.